Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a chronic condition caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). HIV was first recognized as an infectious disease more than 30 years ago. NYU Langone was among the first medical centers to care for people with AIDS in the United States. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, an estimated 1.2 million people are living with HIV infection in the U.S. today.
HIV weakens the immune system by destroying infection-fighting white blood cells. Over time, as the virus multiplies and spreads throughout the body, it can destroy enough cells that the body is not able to fight infections and diseases. When this occurs, HIV infection progresses to AIDS.
It can take many years before HIV weakens the immune system to the point that a person develops AIDS. NYU Langone doctors diagnose HIV infection and develop a treatment plan to prevent AIDS and other infections related to a suppressed immune system. Offering the newest prevention and treatment options, our specialists help people with HIV infection to enjoy a better quality of life.
There is no cure for HIV infection and AIDS, but medication can control the virus. NYU Langone doctors prescribe a combination of medications, called antiretroviral therapy, to prevent or delay HIV infection from progressing to AIDS.