Some people who’ve had a concussion—which is a mild form of a traumatic brain injury often caused by a blow to the head or shaking of the brain inside the skull—feel better within a few hours of the injury. Others may have symptoms for weeks or months.
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Because the brain is more sensitive to damage after a concussion, it is important to avoid activities that might cause another injury. NYU Langone doctors can provide guidelines for safely resuming regular activities, such as playing sports, going to school or work, and driving a car.
There are a variety of ways to improve your chances of a full recovery and to prevent another concussion. Our doctors may advise the following:
If you follow your doctor’s advice but believe your symptoms are worsening, your doctor may recommend a follow-up visit and an exam.
You can expect to follow up with your doctor at NYU Langone’s Concussion Center in the weeks after a head injury. Your doctor typically meets with you one week after the injury to evaluate symptoms and brain function and to address your concerns as you recover. If your symptoms persist or worsen, ongoing support may be needed to prevent additional complications.
Sometimes people who have had a concussion begin to show changes in behavior or personality, even after the first few weeks of recovery. These are related to the trauma to the brain and, though alarming, often improve or resolve without treatment.
These changes can be difficult for family, friends, and coworkers to understand. The Concussion Center’s experts can help both you and your family to cope with the short- and long-term effects of concussion.
Studies show that children and teenagers are even more vulnerable to concussion than people in other age groups, and they take longer to recover. If a child returns to playing sports before his or her brain has had enough time to heal, an additional blow to the head could have more serious, long-term consequences.
Our experts, who treat children at the Concussion Center through Hassenfeld Children’s Hospital at NYU Langone, evaluate young athletes and can recommend specific, gradual increases in activity until a person is ready to return to full-contact play.
Our doctors also educate coaches, athletic trainers, and parents on the signs and symptoms of concussion in order to promote prevention and the timely identification of head injuries.
Some people who experience a concussion may need ongoing rehabilitation therapies. The experts at NYU Langone’s Rusk Rehabilitation offer a variety of treatment options, and care is coordinated by neurologists, neuropsychologists, and physiatrists who specialize in treating patients with concussion. They work together to help you achieve the best possible outcome.
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