Adrenal tumors are growths that occur on the adrenal glands, two small organs located on top of the kidneys in the lower back. Each adrenal gland consists of an inner and an outer section, which produce different hormones needed for your body to function.
The hormones produced by the outer section, called the cortex, include aldosterone, which regulates blood pressure; androgens, which are male sex hormones; and cortisol, which helps your body respond to stress. The hormones produced by the inner section—called the medulla—include epinephrine and norepinephrine, which also regulate blood pressure.
Tumors on the adrenal glands can cause the glands to produce elevated levels of hormones, which may result in high blood pressure, rapid heart rate, headache, sweating, easy bruising, fatigue, fluid retention, and low levels of potassium, a mineral important for heart health. Most adrenal gland tumors are benign, meaning they are noncancerous, but need to be treated if they cause symptoms.
Treatment for Adrenal Tumors
Our experts work as a team to determine the best treatment for you. Surgery, including minimally invasive techniques and robotic-assisted surgery, may be used to remove the tumors. We are a high-volume center for adrenal tumor surgery, meaning our doctors perform many procedures compared with other hospitals in the New York area and throughout the United States. Treatment may also include chemotherapy and medication to manage hormonal imbalances.