Robotic Orthopaedic Surgery
NYU Langone orthopaedic surgeons specialize in the latest, cutting-edge, robotic and computer-assisted surgical techniques for hip and knee replacement procedures.
In these procedures, evidence-based pain management and rapid recovery protocols are combined with robotic orthopaedic surgery tools. These tools have been custom engineered onto robotic arms. They make precise movements that preserve more bone and tissue than in conventional, open procedures. This makes for a faster recovery and less muscle damage.
Typical hospital stays after robotic surgery are only one or two days, quicker than those experienced with conventional surgery. In some cases, we can do hip or knee replacement as a same-day discharge procedure. Computer-assisted surgery relies on technology such as accelerometers, gyroscopes, and pressure sensors, which help doctors properly position implants.
We offer both robotic and computer-assisted techniques for certain hip and knee replacement procedures.
Robotic Hip Replacement Surgery
Our doctors use robotic hip replacement surgery to treat osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, developmental hip dysplasia, and hip impingement syndrome. The goal of the surgery is to relieve pain and improve mobility.
The most important factor in hip replacement surgery, in terms of pain, function, and recovery, is the surgeon. Precise surgical techniques that limit soft tissue damage is key. Accurate bone surface preparation to biomechanically restore the hip customized to your specific anatomy determines the function, comfort, and longevity of your implant. Robotic surgical techniques allow surgeons to remove only as much bone as is necessary. The robot system also ensures that the new replacement parts are aligned at the correct angles, which vary with every patient.
Robotic hip replacement surgery requires a surgeon to remove bone and cartilage, which can affect limb length. A robotic approach results in minimal leg-length difference after surgery. This may help prevent an abnormal gait pattern that can cause a limp, bursitis, and back pain.
Robotic Knee Replacement Surgery
Knee replacement surgery is a technically demanding surgery. Minor instability, common with traditional surgical techniques, has been recognized as a main source of patient dissatisfaction and early failure. Alignment and balance are the two main requirements for clinical success in knee replacement surgery.
Proper alignment requires precise surgical planning and execution, such as those that robotic techniques deliver. Correct balancing with pressure sensors results in a natural-feeling joint that functions well during recreational sports and activities.
Robotic and pressure sensor technology deliver information our surgeons need to ensure walking weight is distributed evenly. NYU Langone experts have been key developers of this technology.
Robotic and computer-assisted surgeries for bone and joint conditions take place at NYU Langone’s Hospital for Joint Diseases and the NYU Langone Ambulatory Care Center. Robotic orthopaedic surgery is performed by the following doctors: