Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition resulting from an imbalance in a woman’s hormones. When the body produces excess levels of androgens, or male hormones, symptoms such as ovarian cysts, irregular periods, acne, and facial hair growth may occur.
A woman with PCOS may also experience insulin resistance, in which the body doesn’t effectively use insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar. Left untreated, insulin resistance can put a woman at risk for type 2 diabetes.
PCOS affects several aspects of a woman’s health, including the reproductive system, as well as the skin and hair. As a result, NYU Langone specialists often use a multidisciplinary approach in managing the disease. Endocrinologists—who specialize in hormonal disorders—work with reproductive specialists, dermatologists, and nutritionists to address symptoms. With proper treatment, doctors can prevent potential complications.
Our experts also diagnose and treat PCOS in adolescents.
Treatment of PCOS involves lifestyle modifications, such as dietary changes and exercise, as well as medications that address the hormonal imbalance.
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