Researchers at NYU Grossman School of Medicine, in partnership with the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, unveiled the Congressional District Health Dashboard (CDHD), a new online tool that provides critical health data for all 435 congressional districts and the District of Columbia. The dashboard incorporates 36 key measures of health, such as deaths from cardiovascular disease and breast cancer, along with conditions that affect health, like housing affordability and access to nutritious foods. Until now, most of these data were not available at the congressional district level, nor were they compiled in a single location or easily available to the public.
The Congressional District Health Dashboard’s data reveal stark geographic and racial and ethnic differences in health and wellbeing across congressional districts in the United States. For example, people living in congressional districts in the 11 states that have not expanded Medicaid coverage under the Affordable Care Act are twice as likely to be uninsured compared to those in states with expanded Medicaid coverage. In fact, residents of congressional districts in Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas on average are almost 3.5 times more likely to be uninsured than those in congressional districts in New England. On average, Hispanic residents have the highest rates of uninsurance in most congressional districts across the country.
“The Congressional District Health Dashboard will help fill a critical need for timely, rigorous, and actionable data that can inform evidence-based policymaking,” says Marc N. Gourevitch, MD, MPH, chair of the Department of Population Health at NYU Langone Health and the initiative’s principal architect. “Now, policymakers, advocates, and others can drill down to their specific congressional districts to identify the opportunities and challenges affecting the health and wellbeing of all the people they serve, regardless of income, race, or zip code.”
The Congressional District Health Dashboard offers users the ability to do the following:
- explore rigorous, nonpartisan data on health, education, poverty, and more by congressional district and compare these findings to state and national averages
- compare the rates of select metrics among different racial and ethnic groups within districts
- view any congressional district’s snapshot, with all 36 measures compared to the national average, along with district-specific population facts like age and racial and ethnic makeup
The dashboard’s analysis of the congressional district data also reveals the following findings:
- Across congressional districts, there is large variation in several health outcomes including people reporting mental distress which ranges from 9 to 21 percent by district.
- Rent burden is lowest in rural districts at 37 percent, and highest in districts along the coastal regions (California, the Northeast, and Florida) and urban congressional districts generally, at 50 percent.
- Across the United States, deaths from cardiovascular disease are lower in suburban districts at 194 deaths per 100,000, compared to urban and rural districts at 215 and 225 deaths per 100,000, respectively.
- Child poverty is lower in suburban districts at about 14 percent, and higher in urban and rural districts at 19 percent.
- Broadband access is significantly lower in rural southern districts, where only 40 to 50 percent of households have high-speed internet compared to 80 to 90 percent in urban districts with strong broadband access.
- Racial and ethnic disparities in low birth weight are observed across districts, with particularly stark disparities in Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, North Carolina, and South Carolina. In more than three-quarters of the districts in these states, Black newborns are roughly twice as likely to be underweight at birth than White babies (with other racial and ethnic groups falling between), including all of South Carolina’s districts and five of Louisiana’s six districts.
“This dashboard could be a game changer for health policy in the United States. By using local data, members of Congress and their staff can make more informed decisions about policies affecting people’s healthcare, communities, and workplaces,” says Giridhar Mallya, MD, MSHP, senior policy officer at the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. “Our health shouldn’t be determined by our congressional district, but these data clearly show how far we have to go to address persistent inequities across the country. Regardless of who they are or where they live, all people in the United States deserve the opportunity to thrive.”
Overseen and regularly updated by a team of population health and policy experts, epidemiologists, and geospatial specialists, the Congressional District Health Dashboard website displays measures and drivers of health through interactive maps, tables, and charts. Data are drawn from federal sources and other datasets that adhere to rigorous standards of data collection and analysis, including the U.S. Census Bureau, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the Environmental Protection Agency.
A first-of-its-kind tool, the Congressional District Health Dashboard equips congressional staff, federal and state advocates, journalists, researchers, and others with data on health and conditions that affect health in every congressional district across the country, fueling constituents’ and policymakers’ efforts to take action and drive change. With support from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the dashboard builds on the foundation of the City Health Dashboard and responds to requests for additional unbiased health and wellbeing data at the congressional district level.